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Fu I for pipa solo (1999), ca. 8’

Fu II for pipa and five western instruments (1999), ca. 11’

Fu I


‘Fu’ literally means ambush, while in terms of pipa technique, ‘Fu’ is the action of abruptly stopping the strings after striking them violently.  This extreme contrast between sharp percussive attack and silence provides the generative kernel for Fu I.  This work was premiered by Wu Man at the Stuttgart Music Festival.  In addition to this version for solo pipa, there is an ensemble version titled Fu II for Pipa and Five Western Instruments.



Fu II

 

Fu literally means ambush, while in terms of pipa technique, Fu is the action of abruptly stopping the strings after striking them violently.  The extreme contrast between the sharp percussive attack and the silence which follows provided the generative kernel for these pieces. 

 

In addition to the ensemble version of Fu II, there is a solo version of this piece entitled, Fu I.  The pipa part in both works is nearly identical.  The addition of ensemble in Fu II, however, puts the pipa in a new dimension as the relationship between soloist and ensemble is developed.  The soloist and ensemble are in direct opposition in the first part of Fu II in terms of texture, dynamic and character. Gradually, they begin to appropriate materials from each other leading to the last third, when they share similar materials.

 

Fu II was made possible by a grant from the Fromm Music Foundation at Harvard University. It was premiered in 1999 at Weill Recital Hall, Carnegie Hall by Wu Man and the Boston Modern Orchestra Project with Gil Rose conducting.

Fu I Score available from Subito Music Corporation

Fu II Score available from Subito Music Corporation

Recordings available at Albany Records, iTunes, and Amazon